GCC plugin infrastructure¶
GCC plugins are loadable modules that provide extra features to the compiler 1. They are useful for runtime instrumentation and static analysis. We can analyse, change and add further code during compilation via callbacks 2, GIMPLE 3, IPA 4 and RTL passes 5.
The GCC plugin infrastructure of the kernel supports all gcc versions from 4.5 to 6.0, building out-of-tree modules, cross-compilation and building in a separate directory. Plugin source files have to be compilable by both a C and a C++ compiler as well because gcc versions 4.5 and 4.6 are compiled by a C compiler, gcc-4.7 can be compiled by a C or a C++ compiler, and versions 4.8+ can only be compiled by a C++ compiler.
Currently the GCC plugin infrastructure supports only the x86, arm, arm64 and powerpc architectures.
This is the directory of the GCC plugins.
This is a compatibility header for GCC plugins. It should be always included instead of individual gcc headers.
This script checks the availability of the included headers in gcc-common.h and chooses the proper host compiler to build the plugins (gcc-4.7 can be built by either gcc or g++).
$(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/gcc-generate-gimple-pass.h, $(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/gcc-generate-ipa-pass.h, $(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/gcc-generate-simple_ipa-pass.h, $(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/gcc-generate-rtl-pass.h
These headers automatically generate the registration structures for GIMPLE, SIMPLE_IPA, IPA and RTL passes. They support all gcc versions from 4.5 to 6.0. They should be preferred to creating the structures by hand.
You must install the gcc plugin headers for your gcc version, e.g., on Ubuntu for gcc-4.9:
apt-get install gcc-4.9-plugin-dev
Enable a GCC plugin based feature in the kernel config:
CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_CYC_COMPLEXITY = y
To compile only the plugin(s):
or just run the kernel make and compile the whole kernel with the cyclomatic complexity GCC plugin.
4. How to add a new GCC plugin¶
The GCC plugins are in $(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/. You can use a file or a directory here. It must be added to $(src)/scripts/gcc-plugins/Makefile, $(src)/scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins and $(src)/arch/Kconfig. See the cyc_complexity_plugin.c (CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_CYC_COMPLEXITY) GCC plugin.