Message Digest Algorithm Definitions

These data structures define modular message digest algorithm implementations, managed via crypto_register_ahash(), crypto_register_shash(), crypto_unregister_ahash() and crypto_unregister_shash().

struct hash_alg_common

define properties of message digest

Definition

struct hash_alg_common {
  unsigned int digestsize;
  unsigned int statesize;
  struct crypto_alg base;
};

Members

digestsize

Size of the result of the transformation. A buffer of this size must be available to the final and finup calls, so they can store the resulting hash into it. For various predefined sizes, search include/crypto/ using git grep _DIGEST_SIZE include/crypto.

statesize

Size of the block for partial state of the transformation. A buffer of this size must be passed to the export function as it will save the partial state of the transformation into it. On the other side, the import function will load the state from a buffer of this size as well.

base

Start of data structure of cipher algorithm. The common data structure of crypto_alg contains information common to all ciphers. The hash_alg_common data structure now adds the hash-specific information.

struct ahash_alg

asynchronous message digest definition

Definition

struct ahash_alg {
  int (*init)(struct ahash_request *req);
  int (*update)(struct ahash_request *req);
  int (*final)(struct ahash_request *req);
  int (*finup)(struct ahash_request *req);
  int (*digest)(struct ahash_request *req);
  int (*export)(struct ahash_request *req, void *out);
  int (*import)(struct ahash_request *req, const void *in);
  int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ahash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen);
  struct hash_alg_common halg;
};

Members

init

[mandatory] Initialize the transformation context. Intended only to initialize the state of the HASH transformation at the beginning. This shall fill in the internal structures used during the entire duration of the whole transformation. No data processing happens at this point. Driver code implementation must not use req->result.

update

[mandatory] Push a chunk of data into the driver for transformation. This function actually pushes blocks of data from upper layers into the driver, which then passes those to the hardware as seen fit. This function must not finalize the HASH transformation by calculating the final message digest as this only adds more data into the transformation. This function shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same transformation object. Data processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point. Driver must not use req->result.

final

[mandatory] Retrieve result from the driver. This function finalizes the transformation and retrieves the resulting hash from the driver and pushes it back to upper layers. No data processing happens at this point unless hardware requires it to finish the transformation (then the data buffered by the device driver is processed).

finup

[optional] Combination of update and final. This function is effectively a combination of update and final calls issued in sequence. As some hardware cannot do update and final separately, this callback was added to allow such hardware to be used at least by IPsec. Data processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point.

digest

Combination of init and update and final. This function effectively behaves as the entire chain of operations, init, update and final issued in sequence. Just like finup, this was added for hardware which cannot do even the finup, but can only do the whole transformation in one run. Data processing can happen synchronously [SHASH] or asynchronously [AHASH] at this point.

export

Export partial state of the transformation. This function dumps the entire state of the ongoing transformation into a provided block of data so it can be import 'ed back later on. This is useful in case you want to save partial result of the transformation after processing certain amount of data and reload this partial result multiple times later on for multiple re-use. No data processing happens at this point. Driver must not use req->result.

import

Import partial state of the transformation. This function loads the entire state of the ongoing transformation from a provided block of data so the transformation can continue from this point onward. No data processing happens at this point. Driver must not use req->result.

setkey

Set optional key used by the hashing algorithm. Intended to push optional key used by the hashing algorithm from upper layers into the driver. This function can store the key in the transformation context or can outright program it into the hardware. In the former case, one must be careful to program the key into the hardware at appropriate time and one must be careful that .:c:func:setkey() can be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation object. Not all hashing algorithms do implement this function as it is only needed for keyed message digests. SHAx/MDx/CRCx do NOT implement this function. HMAC(MDx)/HMAC(SHAx)/CMAC(AES) do implement this function. This function must be called before any other of the init, update, final, finup, digest is called. No data processing happens at this point.

halg

see struct hash_alg_common

struct shash_alg

synchronous message digest definition

Definition

struct shash_alg {
  int (*init)(struct shash_desc *desc);
  int (*update)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len);
  int (*final)(struct shash_desc *desc, u8 *out);
  int (*finup)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out);
  int (*digest)(struct shash_desc *desc, const u8 *data, unsigned int len, u8 *out);
  int (*export)(struct shash_desc *desc, void *out);
  int (*import)(struct shash_desc *desc, const void *in);
  int (*setkey)(struct crypto_shash *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen);
  unsigned int descsize;
  unsigned int digestsize;
  unsigned int statesize;
  struct crypto_alg base;
};

Members

init

see struct ahash_alg

update

see struct ahash_alg

final

see struct ahash_alg

finup

see struct ahash_alg

digest

see struct ahash_alg

export

see struct ahash_alg

import

see struct ahash_alg

setkey

see struct ahash_alg

descsize

Size of the operational state for the message digest. This state size is the memory size that needs to be allocated for shash_desc.__ctx

digestsize

see struct ahash_alg

statesize

see struct ahash_alg

base

internally used

Asynchronous Message Digest API

The asynchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_AHASH (listed as type "ahash" in /proc/crypto)

The asynchronous cipher operation discussion provided for the CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ABLKCIPHER API applies here as well.

struct crypto_ahash * crypto_alloc_ahash(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

allocate ahash cipher handle

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the ahash cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Description

Allocate a cipher handle for an ahash. The returned struct crypto_ahash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API invocation for that ahash.

Return

allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case

of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code.

void crypto_free_ahash(struct crypto_ahash * tfm)

zeroize and free the ahash handle

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

unsigned int crypto_ahash_digestsize(struct crypto_ahash * tfm)

obtain message digest size

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned.

Return

message digest size of cipher

unsigned int crypto_ahash_statesize(struct crypto_ahash * tfm)

obtain size of the ahash state

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle

Description

Return the size of the ahash state. With the crypto_ahash_export() function, the caller can export the state into a buffer whose size is defined with this function.

Return

size of the ahash state

struct crypto_ahash * crypto_ahash_reqtfm(struct ahash_request * req)

obtain cipher handle from request

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

asynchronous request handle that contains the reference to the ahash cipher handle

Description

Return the ahash cipher handle that is registered with the asynchronous request handle ahash_request.

Return

ahash cipher handle

unsigned int crypto_ahash_reqsize(struct crypto_ahash * tfm)

obtain size of the request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle

Return

size of the request data

int crypto_ahash_setkey(struct crypto_ahash * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the ahash cipher. The cipher handle must point to a keyed hash in order for this function to succeed.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_ahash_finup(struct ahash_request * req)

update and finalize message digest

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same meaning as discussed for those separate functions.

Return

see crypto_ahash_final()

int crypto_ahash_final(struct ahash_request * req)

calculate message digest

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed into the output buffer registered with the ahash_request handle.

Return

0 if the message digest was successfully calculated; -EINPROGRESS if data is feeded into hardware (DMA) or queued for later; -EBUSY if queue is full and request should be resubmitted later; other < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_ahash_digest(struct ahash_request * req)

calculate message digest for a buffer

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

reference to the ahash_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_ahash_init, crypto_ahash_update and crypto_ahash_final. The parameters have the same meaning as discussed for those separate three functions.

Return

see crypto_ahash_final()

int crypto_ahash_export(struct ahash_request * req, void * out)

extract current message digest state

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

reference to the ahash_request handle whose state is exported

void * out

output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state

Description

This function exports the hash state of the ahash_request handle into the caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by calling crypto_ahash_statesize()).

Return

0 if the export was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_ahash_import(struct ahash_request * req, const void * in)

import message digest state

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

reference to ahash_request handle the state is imported into

const void * in

buffer holding the state

Description

This function imports the hash state into the ahash_request handle from the input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the crypto_ahash_export function.

Return

0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_ahash_init(struct ahash_request * req)

(re)initialize message digest handle

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

ahash_request handle that already is initialized with all necessary data using the ahash_request_* API functions

Description

The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the ahash_request handle. Any potentially existing state created by previous operations is discarded.

Return

see crypto_ahash_final()

Asynchronous Hash Request Handle

The ahash_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for the asynchronous cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be used by multiple ahash_request instances), pointer to plaintext and the message digest output buffer, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the ahash_request_* API calls in a similar way as ahash handle to the crypto_ahash_* API calls.

void ahash_request_set_tfm(struct ahash_request * req, struct crypto_ahash * tfm)

update cipher handle reference in request

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

request handle to be modified

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle

Description

Allow the caller to replace the existing ahash handle in the request data structure with a different one.

struct ahash_request * ahash_request_alloc(struct crypto_ahash * tfm, gfp_t gfp)

allocate request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_ahash * tfm

cipher handle to be registered with the request

gfp_t gfp

memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call.

Description

Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the ahash message digest API calls. During the allocation, the provided ahash handle is registered in the request data structure.

Return

allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory

void ahash_request_free(struct ahash_request * req)

zeroize and free the request data structure

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

request data structure cipher handle to be freed

void ahash_request_set_callback(struct ahash_request * req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void * data)

set asynchronous callback function

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

request handle

u32 flags

specify zero or an ORing of the flags CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep

crypto_completion_t compl

callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle

void * data

The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function.

Description

This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation completes.

The callback function is registered with the ahash_request handle and must comply with the following template:

void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error)
void ahash_request_set_crypt(struct ahash_request * req, struct scatterlist * src, u8 * result, unsigned int nbytes)

set data buffers

Parameters

struct ahash_request * req

ahash_request handle to be updated

struct scatterlist * src

source scatter/gather list

u8 * result

buffer that is filled with the message digest -- the caller must ensure that the buffer has sufficient space by, for example, calling crypto_ahash_digestsize()

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes to process from the source scatter/gather list

Description

By using this call, the caller references the source scatter/gather list. The source scatter/gather list points to the data the message digest is to be calculated for.

Synchronous Message Digest API

The synchronous message digest API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SHASH (listed as type "shash" in /proc/crypto)

The message digest API is able to maintain state information for the caller.

The synchronous message digest API can store user-related context in in its shash_desc request data structure.

struct crypto_shash * crypto_alloc_shash(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

allocate message digest handle

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the message digest cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Description

Allocate a cipher handle for a message digest. The returned struct crypto_shash is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API invocation for that message digest.

Return

allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case

of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code.

void crypto_free_shash(struct crypto_shash * tfm)

zeroize and free the message digest handle

Parameters

struct crypto_shash * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

unsigned int crypto_shash_blocksize(struct crypto_shash * tfm)

obtain block size for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_shash * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The block size for the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned.

Return

block size of cipher

unsigned int crypto_shash_digestsize(struct crypto_shash * tfm)

obtain message digest size

Parameters

struct crypto_shash * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size for the message digest created by the message digest cipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned.

Return

digest size of cipher

unsigned int crypto_shash_descsize(struct crypto_shash * tfm)

obtain the operational state size

Parameters

struct crypto_shash * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size of the operational state the cipher needs during operation is returned for the hash referenced with the cipher handle. This size is required to calculate the memory requirements to allow the caller allocating sufficient memory for operational state.

The operational state is defined with struct shash_desc where the size of that data structure is to be calculated as sizeof(struct shash_desc) + crypto_shash_descsize(alg)

Return

size of the operational state

int crypto_shash_setkey(struct crypto_shash * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for message digest

Parameters

struct crypto_shash * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the keyed message digest cipher. The cipher handle must point to a keyed message digest cipher in order for this function to succeed.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_shash_digest(struct shash_desc * desc, const u8 * data, unsigned int len, u8 * out)

calculate message digest for buffer

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

see crypto_shash_final()

const u8 * data

see crypto_shash_update()

unsigned int len

see crypto_shash_update()

u8 * out

see crypto_shash_final()

Description

This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_shash_init, crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same meaning as discussed for those separate three functions.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error

occurred

int crypto_shash_export(struct shash_desc * desc, void * out)

extract operational state for message digest

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

reference to the operational state handle whose state is exported

void * out

output buffer of sufficient size that can hold the hash state

Description

This function exports the hash state of the operational state handle into the caller-allocated output buffer out which must have sufficient size (e.g. by calling crypto_shash_descsize).

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the export creation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_shash_import(struct shash_desc * desc, const void * in)

import operational state

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

reference to the operational state handle the state imported into

const void * in

buffer holding the state

Description

This function imports the hash state into the operational state handle from the input buffer. That buffer should have been generated with the crypto_ahash_export function.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the import was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_shash_init(struct shash_desc * desc)

(re)initialize message digest

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

operational state handle that is already filled

Description

The call (re-)initializes the message digest referenced by the operational state handle. Any potentially existing state created by previous operations is discarded.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the message digest initialization was successful; < 0 if an

error occurred

int crypto_shash_update(struct shash_desc * desc, const u8 * data, unsigned int len)

add data to message digest for processing

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

operational state handle that is already initialized

const u8 * data

input data to be added to the message digest

unsigned int len

length of the input data

Description

Updates the message digest state of the operational state handle.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the message digest update was successful; < 0 if an error

occurred

int crypto_shash_final(struct shash_desc * desc, u8 * out)

calculate message digest

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

operational state handle that is already filled with data

u8 * out

output buffer filled with the message digest

Description

Finalize the message digest operation and create the message digest based on all data added to the cipher handle. The message digest is placed into the output buffer. The caller must ensure that the output buffer is large enough by using crypto_shash_digestsize.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error

occurred

int crypto_shash_finup(struct shash_desc * desc, const u8 * data, unsigned int len, u8 * out)

calculate message digest of buffer

Parameters

struct shash_desc * desc

see crypto_shash_final()

const u8 * data

see crypto_shash_update()

unsigned int len

see crypto_shash_update()

u8 * out

see crypto_shash_final()

Description

This function is a "short-hand" for the function calls of crypto_shash_update and crypto_shash_final. The parameters have the same meaning as discussed for those separate functions.

Context

Any context.

Return

0 if the message digest creation was successful; < 0 if an error

occurred