Block Cipher Algorithm Definitions

These data structures define modular crypto algorithm implementations, managed via crypto_register_alg() and crypto_unregister_alg().

struct ablkcipher_alg

asynchronous block cipher definition

Definition

struct ablkcipher_alg {
  int (*setkey)(struct crypto_ablkcipher *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen);
  int (*encrypt)(struct ablkcipher_request *req);
  int (*decrypt)(struct ablkcipher_request *req);
  unsigned int min_keysize;
  unsigned int max_keysize;
  unsigned int ivsize;
};

Members

setkey

Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the transformation context for programming it later. Note that this function does modify the transformation context. This function can be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key length for validity. In case a software fallback was put in place in the cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes.

encrypt

Encrypt a scatterlist of blocks. This function is used to encrypt the supplied scatterlist containing the blocks of data. The crypto API consumer is responsible for aligning the entries of the scatterlist properly and making sure the chunks are correctly sized. In case a software fallback was put in place in the cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same transformation object.

decrypt

Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to encrypt and the conditions are exactly the same.

min_keysize

Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/

max_keysize

Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/

ivsize

IV size applicable for transformation. The consumer must provide an IV of exactly that size to perform the encrypt or decrypt operation.

Description

All fields except ivsize are mandatory and must be filled.

struct blkcipher_alg

synchronous block cipher definition

Definition

struct blkcipher_alg {
  int (*setkey)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen);
  int (*encrypt)(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src, unsigned int nbytes);
  int (*decrypt)(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src, unsigned int nbytes);
  unsigned int min_keysize;
  unsigned int max_keysize;
  unsigned int ivsize;
};

Members

setkey

see struct ablkcipher_alg

encrypt

see struct ablkcipher_alg

decrypt

see struct ablkcipher_alg

min_keysize

see struct ablkcipher_alg

max_keysize

see struct ablkcipher_alg

ivsize

see struct ablkcipher_alg

Description

All fields except ivsize are mandatory and must be filled.

struct cipher_alg

single-block symmetric ciphers definition

Definition

struct cipher_alg {
  unsigned int cia_min_keysize;
  unsigned int cia_max_keysize;
  int (*cia_setkey)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *key, unsigned int keylen);
  void (*cia_encrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src);
  void (*cia_decrypt)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *dst, const u8 *src);
};

Members

cia_min_keysize

Minimum key size supported by the transformation. This is the smallest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be found via git grep "_MIN_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/

cia_max_keysize

Maximum key size supported by the transformation. This is the largest key length supported by this transformation algorithm. This must be set to one of the pre-defined values as this is not hardware specific. Possible values for this field can be found via git grep "_MAX_KEY_SIZE" include/crypto/

cia_setkey

Set key for the transformation. This function is used to either program a supplied key into the hardware or store the key in the transformation context for programming it later. Note that this function does modify the transformation context. This function can be called multiple times during the existence of the transformation object, so one must make sure the key is properly reprogrammed into the hardware. This function is also responsible for checking the key length for validity.

cia_encrypt

Encrypt a single block. This function is used to encrypt a single block of data, which must be cra_blocksize big. This always operates on a full cra_blocksize and it is not possible to encrypt a block of smaller size. The supplied buffers must therefore also be at least of cra_blocksize size. Both the input and output buffers are always aligned to cra_alignmask. In case either of the input or output buffer supplied by user of the crypto API is not aligned to cra_alignmask, the crypto API will re-align the buffers. The re-alignment means that a new buffer will be allocated, the data will be copied into the new buffer, then the processing will happen on the new buffer, then the data will be copied back into the original buffer and finally the new buffer will be freed. In case a software fallback was put in place in the cra_init call, this function might need to use the fallback if the algorithm doesn't support all of the key sizes. In case the key was stored in transformation context, the key might need to be re-programmed into the hardware in this function. This function shall not modify the transformation context, as this function may be called in parallel with the same transformation object.

cia_decrypt

Decrypt a single block. This is a reverse counterpart to cia_encrypt, and the conditions are exactly the same.

Description

All fields are mandatory and must be filled.

struct crypto_alg

definition of a cryptograpic cipher algorithm

Definition

struct crypto_alg {
  struct list_head cra_list;
  struct list_head cra_users;
  u32 cra_flags;
  unsigned int cra_blocksize;
  unsigned int cra_ctxsize;
  unsigned int cra_alignmask;
  int cra_priority;
  refcount_t cra_refcnt;
  char cra_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME];
  char cra_driver_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME];
  const struct crypto_type *cra_type;
  union {
    struct ablkcipher_alg ablkcipher;
    struct blkcipher_alg blkcipher;
    struct cipher_alg cipher;
    struct compress_alg compress;
  } cra_u;
  int (*cra_init)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm);
  void (*cra_exit)(struct crypto_tfm *tfm);
  void (*cra_destroy)(struct crypto_alg *alg);
  struct module *cra_module;
#ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_STATS;
  union {
    struct crypto_istat_aead aead;
    struct crypto_istat_akcipher akcipher;
    struct crypto_istat_cipher cipher;
    struct crypto_istat_compress compress;
    struct crypto_istat_hash hash;
    struct crypto_istat_rng rng;
    struct crypto_istat_kpp kpp;
  } stats;
#endif ;
};

Members

cra_list

internally used

cra_users

internally used

cra_flags

Flags describing this transformation. See include/linux/crypto.h CRYPTO_ALG_* flags for the flags which go in here. Those are used for fine-tuning the description of the transformation algorithm.

cra_blocksize

Minimum block size of this transformation. The size in bytes of the smallest possible unit which can be transformed with this algorithm. The users must respect this value. In case of HASH transformation, it is possible for a smaller block than cra_blocksize to be passed to the crypto API for transformation, in case of any other transformation type, an error will be returned upon any attempt to transform smaller than cra_blocksize chunks.

cra_ctxsize

Size of the operational context of the transformation. This value informs the kernel crypto API about the memory size needed to be allocated for the transformation context.

cra_alignmask

Alignment mask for the input and output data buffer. The data buffer containing the input data for the algorithm must be aligned to this alignment mask. The data buffer for the output data must be aligned to this alignment mask. Note that the Crypto API will do the re-alignment in software, but only under special conditions and there is a performance hit. The re-alignment happens at these occasions for different cra_u types: cipher -- For both input data and output data buffer; ahash -- For output hash destination buf; shash -- For output hash destination buf. This is needed on hardware which is flawed by design and cannot pick data from arbitrary addresses.

cra_priority

Priority of this transformation implementation. In case multiple transformations with same cra_name are available to the Crypto API, the kernel will use the one with highest cra_priority.

cra_refcnt

internally used

cra_name

Generic name (usable by multiple implementations) of the transformation algorithm. This is the name of the transformation itself. This field is used by the kernel when looking up the providers of particular transformation.

cra_driver_name

Unique name of the transformation provider. This is the name of the provider of the transformation. This can be any arbitrary value, but in the usual case, this contains the name of the chip or provider and the name of the transformation algorithm.

cra_type

Type of the cryptographic transformation. This is a pointer to struct crypto_type, which implements callbacks common for all transformation types. There are multiple options: crypto_blkcipher_type, crypto_ablkcipher_type, crypto_ahash_type, crypto_rng_type. This field might be empty. In that case, there are no common callbacks. This is the case for: cipher, compress, shash.

cra_u

Callbacks implementing the transformation. This is a union of multiple structures. Depending on the type of transformation selected by cra_type and cra_flags above, the associated structure must be filled with callbacks. This field might be empty. This is the case for ahash, shash.

cra_u.ablkcipher

Union member which contains an asynchronous block cipher definition. See struct ablkcipher_alg.

cra_u.blkcipher

Union member which contains a synchronous block cipher definition See struct blkcipher_alg.

cra_u.cipher

Union member which contains a single-block symmetric cipher definition. See struct cipher_alg.

cra_u.compress

Union member which contains a (de)compression algorithm. See struct compress_alg.

cra_init

Initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function is used to initialize the cryptographic transformation object. This function is called only once at the instantiation time, right after the transformation context was allocated. In case the cryptographic hardware has some special requirements which need to be handled by software, this function shall check for the precise requirement of the transformation and put any software fallbacks in place.

cra_exit

Deinitialize the cryptographic transformation object. This is a counterpart to cra_init, used to remove various changes set in cra_init.

cra_destroy

internally used

cra_module

Owner of this transformation implementation. Set to THIS_MODULE

stats

union of all possible crypto_istat_xxx structures

stats.aead

statistics for AEAD algorithm

stats.akcipher

statistics for akcipher algorithm

stats.cipher

statistics for cipher algorithm

stats.compress

statistics for compress algorithm

stats.hash

statistics for hash algorithm

stats.rng

statistics for rng algorithm

stats.kpp

statistics for KPP algorithm

Description

The struct crypto_alg describes a generic Crypto API algorithm and is common for all of the transformations. Any variable not documented here shall not be used by a cipher implementation as it is internal to the Crypto API.

Symmetric Key Cipher API

Symmetric key cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_SKCIPHER (listed as type "skcipher" in /proc/crypto).

Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes.

To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional information is given by filling in the skcipher_request data structure.

For the symmetric key cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This state information is unused by the kernel crypto API.

struct crypto_skcipher * crypto_alloc_skcipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

allocate symmetric key cipher handle

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the skcipher cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Description

Allocate a cipher handle for an skcipher. The returned struct crypto_skcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API invocation for that skcipher.

Return

allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case

of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code.

void crypto_free_skcipher(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm)

zeroize and free cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

int crypto_has_skcipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

Search for the availability of an skcipher.

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the skcipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Return

true when the skcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false

otherwise

unsigned int crypto_skcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm)

obtain IV size

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size of the IV for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle is returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV.

Return

IV size in bytes

unsigned int crypto_skcipher_blocksize(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm)

obtain block size of cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The block size for the skcipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation

Return

block size of cipher

int crypto_skcipher_setkey(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the skcipher referenced by the cipher handle.

Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 is performed.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

struct crypto_skcipher * crypto_skcipher_reqtfm(struct skcipher_request * req)

obtain cipher handle from request

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

skcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained

Description

Return the crypto_skcipher handle when furnishing an skcipher_request data structure.

Return

crypto_skcipher handle

int crypto_skcipher_encrypt(struct skcipher_request * req)

encrypt plaintext

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

Encrypt plaintext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the skcipher_request_* functions.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_skcipher_decrypt(struct skcipher_request * req)

decrypt ciphertext

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

reference to the skcipher_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

Decrypt ciphertext data using the skcipher_request handle. That data structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the skcipher_request_* functions.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

Symmetric Key Cipher Request Handle

The skcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for the symmetric key cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be used by multiple skcipher_request instances), pointer to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the skcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as skcipher handle to the crypto_skcipher_* API calls.

unsigned int crypto_skcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm)

obtain size of the request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Return

number of bytes

void skcipher_request_set_tfm(struct skcipher_request * req, struct crypto_skcipher * tfm)

update cipher handle reference in request

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

request handle to be modified

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle

Description

Allow the caller to replace the existing skcipher handle in the request data structure with a different one.

struct skcipher_request * skcipher_request_alloc(struct crypto_skcipher * tfm, gfp_t gfp)

allocate request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_skcipher * tfm

cipher handle to be registered with the request

gfp_t gfp

memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call.

Description

Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the skcipher encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided skcipher handle is registered in the request data structure.

Return

allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory

void skcipher_request_free(struct skcipher_request * req)

zeroize and free request data structure

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

request data structure cipher handle to be freed

void skcipher_request_set_callback(struct skcipher_request * req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void * data)

set asynchronous callback function

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

request handle

u32 flags

specify zero or an ORing of the flags CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep

crypto_completion_t compl

callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle

void * data

The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function.

Description

This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation completes.

The callback function is registered with the skcipher_request handle and must comply with the following template:

void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error)
void skcipher_request_set_crypt(struct skcipher_request * req, struct scatterlist * src, struct scatterlist * dst, unsigned int cryptlen, void * iv)

set data buffers

Parameters

struct skcipher_request * req

request handle

struct scatterlist * src

source scatter / gather list

struct scatterlist * dst

destination scatter / gather list

unsigned int cryptlen

number of bytes to process from src

void * iv

IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined by crypto_skcipher_ivsize

Description

This function allows setting of the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists.

For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext.

Single Block Cipher API

The single block cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER (listed as type "cipher" in /proc/crypto).

Using the single block cipher API calls, operations with the basic cipher primitive can be implemented. These cipher primitives exclude any block chaining operations including IV handling.

The purpose of this single block cipher API is to support the implementation of templates or other concepts that only need to perform the cipher operation on one block at a time. Templates invoke the underlying cipher primitive block-wise and process either the input or the output data of these cipher operations.

struct crypto_cipher * crypto_alloc_cipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

allocate single block cipher handle

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the single block cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Description

Allocate a cipher handle for a single block cipher. The returned struct crypto_cipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API invocation for that single block cipher.

Return

allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case

of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code.

void crypto_free_cipher(struct crypto_cipher * tfm)

zeroize and free the single block cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_cipher * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

int crypto_has_cipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

Search for the availability of a single block cipher

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the single block cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Return

true when the single block cipher is known to the kernel crypto API;

false otherwise

unsigned int crypto_cipher_blocksize(struct crypto_cipher * tfm)

obtain block size for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_cipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The block size for the single block cipher referenced with the cipher handle tfm is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation

Return

block size of cipher

int crypto_cipher_setkey(struct crypto_cipher * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_cipher * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the single block cipher referenced by the cipher handle.

Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 is performed.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

void crypto_cipher_encrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher * tfm, u8 * dst, const u8 * src)

encrypt one block of plaintext

Parameters

struct crypto_cipher * tfm

cipher handle

u8 * dst

points to the buffer that will be filled with the ciphertext

const u8 * src

buffer holding the plaintext to be encrypted

Description

Invoke the encryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size.

void crypto_cipher_decrypt_one(struct crypto_cipher * tfm, u8 * dst, const u8 * src)

decrypt one block of ciphertext

Parameters

struct crypto_cipher * tfm

cipher handle

u8 * dst

points to the buffer that will be filled with the plaintext

const u8 * src

buffer holding the ciphertext to be decrypted

Description

Invoke the decryption operation of one block. The caller must ensure that the plaintext and ciphertext buffers are at least one block in size.

Asynchronous Block Cipher API - Deprecated

Asynchronous block cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_ABLKCIPHER (listed as type "ablkcipher" in /proc/crypto).

Asynchronous cipher operations imply that the function invocation for a cipher request returns immediately before the completion of the operation. The cipher request is scheduled as a separate kernel thread and therefore load-balanced on the different CPUs via the process scheduler. To allow the kernel crypto API to inform the caller about the completion of a cipher request, the caller must provide a callback function. That function is invoked with the cipher handle when the request completes.

To support the asynchronous operation, additional information than just the cipher handle must be supplied to the kernel crypto API. That additional information is given by filling in the ablkcipher_request data structure.

For the asynchronous block cipher API, the state is maintained with the tfm cipher handle. A single tfm can be used across multiple calls and in parallel. For asynchronous block cipher calls, context data supplied and only used by the caller can be referenced the request data structure in addition to the IV used for the cipher request. The maintenance of such state information would be important for a crypto driver implementer to have, because when calling the callback function upon completion of the cipher operation, that callback function may need some information about which operation just finished if it invoked multiple in parallel. This state information is unused by the kernel crypto API.

void crypto_free_ablkcipher(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm)

zeroize and free cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

int crypto_has_ablkcipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

Search for the availability of an ablkcipher.

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the ablkcipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Return

true when the ablkcipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false

otherwise

unsigned int crypto_ablkcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm)

obtain IV size

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size of the IV for the ablkcipher referenced by the cipher handle is returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV.

Return

IV size in bytes

unsigned int crypto_ablkcipher_blocksize(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm)

obtain block size of cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The block size for the ablkcipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation

Return

block size of cipher

int crypto_ablkcipher_setkey(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the ablkcipher referenced by the cipher handle.

Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 is performed.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

struct crypto_ablkcipher * crypto_ablkcipher_reqtfm(struct ablkcipher_request * req)

obtain cipher handle from request

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

ablkcipher_request out of which the cipher handle is to be obtained

Description

Return the crypto_ablkcipher handle when furnishing an ablkcipher_request data structure.

Return

crypto_ablkcipher handle

int crypto_ablkcipher_encrypt(struct ablkcipher_request * req)

encrypt plaintext

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

reference to the ablkcipher_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

Encrypt plaintext data using the ablkcipher_request handle. That data structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the ablkcipher_request_* functions.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_ablkcipher_decrypt(struct ablkcipher_request * req)

decrypt ciphertext

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

reference to the ablkcipher_request handle that holds all information needed to perform the cipher operation

Description

Decrypt ciphertext data using the ablkcipher_request handle. That data structure and how it is filled with data is discussed with the ablkcipher_request_* functions.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

Asynchronous Cipher Request Handle - Deprecated

The ablkcipher_request data structure contains all pointers to data required for the asynchronous cipher operation. This includes the cipher handle (which can be used by multiple ablkcipher_request instances), pointer to plaintext and ciphertext, asynchronous callback function, etc. It acts as a handle to the ablkcipher_request_* API calls in a similar way as ablkcipher handle to the crypto_ablkcipher_* API calls.

unsigned int crypto_ablkcipher_reqsize(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm)

obtain size of the request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Return

number of bytes

void ablkcipher_request_set_tfm(struct ablkcipher_request * req, struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm)

update cipher handle reference in request

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

request handle to be modified

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle that shall be added to the request handle

Description

Allow the caller to replace the existing ablkcipher handle in the request data structure with a different one.

struct ablkcipher_request * ablkcipher_request_alloc(struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm, gfp_t gfp)

allocate request data structure

Parameters

struct crypto_ablkcipher * tfm

cipher handle to be registered with the request

gfp_t gfp

memory allocation flag that is handed to kmalloc by the API call.

Description

Allocate the request data structure that must be used with the ablkcipher encrypt and decrypt API calls. During the allocation, the provided ablkcipher handle is registered in the request data structure.

Return

allocated request handle in case of success, or NULL if out of memory

void ablkcipher_request_free(struct ablkcipher_request * req)

zeroize and free request data structure

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

request data structure cipher handle to be freed

void ablkcipher_request_set_callback(struct ablkcipher_request * req, u32 flags, crypto_completion_t compl, void * data)

set asynchronous callback function

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

request handle

u32 flags

specify zero or an ORing of the flags CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG the request queue may back log and increase the wait queue beyond the initial maximum size; CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP the request processing may sleep

crypto_completion_t compl

callback function pointer to be registered with the request handle

void * data

The data pointer refers to memory that is not used by the kernel crypto API, but provided to the callback function for it to use. Here, the caller can provide a reference to memory the callback function can operate on. As the callback function is invoked asynchronously to the related functionality, it may need to access data structures of the related functionality which can be referenced using this pointer. The callback function can access the memory via the "data" field in the crypto_async_request data structure provided to the callback function.

Description

This function allows setting the callback function that is triggered once the cipher operation completes.

The callback function is registered with the ablkcipher_request handle and must comply with the following template:

void callback_function(struct crypto_async_request *req, int error)
void ablkcipher_request_set_crypt(struct ablkcipher_request * req, struct scatterlist * src, struct scatterlist * dst, unsigned int nbytes, void * iv)

set data buffers

Parameters

struct ablkcipher_request * req

request handle

struct scatterlist * src

source scatter / gather list

struct scatterlist * dst

destination scatter / gather list

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes to process from src

void * iv

IV for the cipher operation which must comply with the IV size defined by crypto_ablkcipher_ivsize

Description

This function allows setting of the source data and destination data scatter / gather lists.

For encryption, the source is treated as the plaintext and the destination is the ciphertext. For a decryption operation, the use is reversed - the source is the ciphertext and the destination is the plaintext.

Synchronous Block Cipher API - Deprecated

The synchronous block cipher API is used with the ciphers of type CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_BLKCIPHER (listed as type "blkcipher" in /proc/crypto)

Synchronous calls, have a context in the tfm. But since a single tfm can be used in multiple calls and in parallel, this info should not be changeable (unless a lock is used). This applies, for example, to the symmetric key. However, the IV is changeable, so there is an iv field in blkcipher_tfm structure for synchronous blkcipher api. So, its the only state info that can be kept for synchronous calls without using a big lock across a tfm.

The block cipher API allows the use of a complete cipher, i.e. a cipher consisting of a template (a block chaining mode) and a single block cipher primitive (e.g. AES).

The plaintext data buffer and the ciphertext data buffer are pointed to by using scatter/gather lists. The cipher operation is performed on all segments of the provided scatter/gather lists.

The kernel crypto API supports a cipher operation "in-place" which means that the caller may provide the same scatter/gather list for the plaintext and cipher text. After the completion of the cipher operation, the plaintext data is replaced with the ciphertext data in case of an encryption and vice versa for a decryption. The caller must ensure that the scatter/gather lists for the output data point to sufficiently large buffers, i.e. multiples of the block size of the cipher.

struct crypto_blkcipher * crypto_alloc_blkcipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

allocate synchronous block cipher handle

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the blkcipher cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Description

Allocate a cipher handle for a block cipher. The returned struct crypto_blkcipher is the cipher handle that is required for any subsequent API invocation for that block cipher.

Return

allocated cipher handle in case of success; IS_ERR() is true in case

of an error, PTR_ERR() returns the error code.

void crypto_free_blkcipher(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm)

zeroize and free the block cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle to be freed

int crypto_has_blkcipher(const char * alg_name, u32 type, u32 mask)

Search for the availability of a block cipher

Parameters

const char * alg_name

is the cra_name / name or cra_driver_name / driver name of the block cipher

u32 type

specifies the type of the cipher

u32 mask

specifies the mask for the cipher

Return

true when the block cipher is known to the kernel crypto API; false

otherwise

const char * crypto_blkcipher_name(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm)

return the name / cra_name from the cipher handle

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Return

The character string holding the name of the cipher

unsigned int crypto_blkcipher_ivsize(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm)

obtain IV size

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The size of the IV for the block cipher referenced by the cipher handle is returned. This IV size may be zero if the cipher does not need an IV.

Return

IV size in bytes

unsigned int crypto_blkcipher_blocksize(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm)

obtain block size of cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

Description

The block size for the block cipher referenced with the cipher handle is returned. The caller may use that information to allocate appropriate memory for the data returned by the encryption or decryption operation.

Return

block size of cipher

int crypto_blkcipher_setkey(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm, const u8 * key, unsigned int keylen)

set key for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * key

buffer holding the key

unsigned int keylen

length of the key in bytes

Description

The caller provided key is set for the block cipher referenced by the cipher handle.

Note, the key length determines the cipher type. Many block ciphers implement different cipher modes depending on the key size, such as AES-128 vs AES-192 vs. AES-256. When providing a 16 byte key for an AES cipher handle, AES-128 is performed.

Return

0 if the setting of the key was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_blkcipher_encrypt(struct blkcipher_desc * desc, struct scatterlist * dst, struct scatterlist * src, unsigned int nbytes)

encrypt plaintext

Parameters

struct blkcipher_desc * desc

reference to the block cipher handle with meta data

struct scatterlist * dst

scatter/gather list that is filled by the cipher operation with the ciphertext

struct scatterlist * src

scatter/gather list that holds the plaintext

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes of the plaintext to encrypt.

Description

Encrypt plaintext data using the IV set by the caller with a preceding call of crypto_blkcipher_set_iv.

The blkcipher_desc data structure must be filled by the caller and can reside on the stack. The caller must fill desc as follows: desc.tfm is filled with the block cipher handle; desc.flags is filled with either CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP or 0.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_blkcipher_encrypt_iv(struct blkcipher_desc * desc, struct scatterlist * dst, struct scatterlist * src, unsigned int nbytes)

encrypt plaintext with dedicated IV

Parameters

struct blkcipher_desc * desc

reference to the block cipher handle with meta data

struct scatterlist * dst

scatter/gather list that is filled by the cipher operation with the ciphertext

struct scatterlist * src

scatter/gather list that holds the plaintext

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes of the plaintext to encrypt.

Description

Encrypt plaintext data with the use of an IV that is solely used for this cipher operation. Any previously set IV is not used.

The blkcipher_desc data structure must be filled by the caller and can reside on the stack. The caller must fill desc as follows: desc.tfm is filled with the block cipher handle; desc.info is filled with the IV to be used for the current operation; desc.flags is filled with either CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_SLEEP or 0.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_blkcipher_decrypt(struct blkcipher_desc * desc, struct scatterlist * dst, struct scatterlist * src, unsigned int nbytes)

decrypt ciphertext

Parameters

struct blkcipher_desc * desc

reference to the block cipher handle with meta data

struct scatterlist * dst

scatter/gather list that is filled by the cipher operation with the plaintext

struct scatterlist * src

scatter/gather list that holds the ciphertext

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes of the ciphertext to decrypt.

Description

Decrypt ciphertext data using the IV set by the caller with a preceding call of crypto_blkcipher_set_iv.

The blkcipher_desc data structure must be filled by the caller as documented for the crypto_blkcipher_encrypt call above.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

int crypto_blkcipher_decrypt_iv(struct blkcipher_desc * desc, struct scatterlist * dst, struct scatterlist * src, unsigned int nbytes)

decrypt ciphertext with dedicated IV

Parameters

struct blkcipher_desc * desc

reference to the block cipher handle with meta data

struct scatterlist * dst

scatter/gather list that is filled by the cipher operation with the plaintext

struct scatterlist * src

scatter/gather list that holds the ciphertext

unsigned int nbytes

number of bytes of the ciphertext to decrypt.

Description

Decrypt ciphertext data with the use of an IV that is solely used for this cipher operation. Any previously set IV is not used.

The blkcipher_desc data structure must be filled by the caller as documented for the crypto_blkcipher_encrypt_iv call above.

Return

0 if the cipher operation was successful; < 0 if an error occurred

void crypto_blkcipher_set_iv(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm, const u8 * src, unsigned int len)

set IV for cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

const u8 * src

buffer holding the IV

unsigned int len

length of the IV in bytes

Description

The caller provided IV is set for the block cipher referenced by the cipher handle.

void crypto_blkcipher_get_iv(struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm, u8 * dst, unsigned int len)

obtain IV from cipher

Parameters

struct crypto_blkcipher * tfm

cipher handle

u8 * dst

buffer filled with the IV

unsigned int len

length of the buffer dst

Description

The caller can obtain the IV set for the block cipher referenced by the cipher handle and store it into the user-provided buffer. If the buffer has an insufficient space, the IV is truncated to fit the buffer.